Is Republic Day a Public Holiday?
Republic Day is observed as a public holiday in India. This means that all government, private and public offices, colleges, universities, institutions or any kind of enterprise remain closed. This day is observed annually on January 26 as a major occasion, during which huge celebrations are carried out.
Therefore, it is also considered a bank holiday, which means all the banks, post offices, etc. remain completely closed. However, retail stores may reopen in the evening, but may have reduced working hours.
Republic Day Parade can cause major disruption to daily traffic, which can lead to several route diversions and significant traffic on that route. Hence, it is advised to remain updated and opt for another course. Since security, majorly in the capital city Delhi, seems to be on point, traffic aversions are common.
Republic Day History
Republic Day history holds relevant significance and commemorates the beginning of its observance. Following the Indian Independence Movement and its subsequent effect, Independence from British Raj was attained by India on 15 August 1947. Even though flying in the sky of freedom, India didn’t have any Constitution as a foundation for political sovereignty and followed the laws based on the Government of India Act 1935 (modified).
Therefore, Dr B R Ambedkar was appointed as the leading Chairman of the Drafting Committee on 29 August 1947 and made responsible for drafting the Indian Constitution, that will act as a foundation for all the future legal, political, cultural, and religious proceedings, bills and acts. After a draft was prepared and submitted by the Committee to the Constituent Assembly, the total drafting period stretched for up to 166 days spreading for over two years, eleven months and eighteen days.
Innumerable modifications, changes and replacements took place, after which two hand-written copies in Hindi and English were signed by 308 Assembly members on 24 January 1950. On 26 January 1950, Dr. Rajendra Prasad began his term as the first President of Independent India and in this way, the Indian Constitution came into effect nationwide. After a while, the Constituent Assembly came to be known as the Parliament of India.
Republic Day Celebrations
Republic Day celebrations in India consist of some of the eventful ceremonies and events taking place in the country’s capital, New Delhi. From military parades, air performances, to cultural dances and regional representations are carried out on the main day before the President of India and Chief Guest of the occasion at Rajpath.
These Republic Day celebrations commemorate the occasion when Indian Constitution came into power and highlight the religious, political and cultural unity as well as diversity. This ceremony is broadcasted nationwide on television and radio.
Republic Day Parade in Delhi
The Republic Day parade is popularly held at the national capital, New Delhi, and organized under the commandment and supervision of the Ministry of Defence. The parade begins from the Rashtrapati Bhavan, which is known to be the residence of the President of India, along Rajpath and then passing the India Gate.
This is known to be one of the main highlights of this day. Contingents of Indian Army, NCC Cadets, police forces and paramilitary forces take active part in this parade, followed by Indian Navy and Indian Air Force. The contingents of officials are dressed in their official decorations and march past along with their bands.
On this day, the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, i.e. the President of India, takes the salute and hoists the flag. Daring motorcycle stunts are carried out by brave soldiers of the Motorcycle Units, followed by a flypast by IAF helicopters and jets. The parade also showcases young, brave children who are the recipients of the National Bravery Award on decorated vehicles or elephants.
Dances & Tableaux
Several cultural programs are organized on the day of Indian Republic Day such as cultural and folk dances, tableaux exhibitions and so on. Children from various public, private and government schools actively take part in these ceremonies and perform local, cultural or folk dances that represent the spirit and culture of India. Practice for this day begins months before the main day.
One of the interesting highlights of this day is the floats of various Indian states and union territories. These are said to be the moving exhibits that showcase the regional diversity, interests, rich culture and objectives.
The Beating Retreat ceremony officially marks the end of the Republic Day, and is conducted on January 29 every year. The bands from the Indian Air Force, Indian Armed Force and Indian Navy carry out this ceremony at Raisina Hill.
The national salute is taken by none other than the President of India, who is also the Chief Guest of this occasion. The Indian National Anthem is played by the Army. Several popular tunes such as Abide With Me, Saare Jahan Se Accha etc. are played as well.
Padma awards are distributed on the evening of Republic Day by the President of India. These awards are divided into three categories:
- Padma Vibhushan: Second highest civilian award in India for "exceptional and distinguished service"
- Padma Bhushan: Third highest civilian award in India for "distinguished service of a high order"
- Padma Shri: Fourth highest civilian award in India for "distinguished service"
গণতন্ত্র দিবস Observances
1. Who drafted the Constitution of India?
Dr. B.R Ambedkar is known as the “Father of the Indian Constitution” and was responsible for drafting the details.
2. Where is the original Constitution of India kept?
The original copy of the Constitution of India is kept in the Library of the Parliament of India in a special case filled with helium gas. It is written in Hindi and English.
3. Who signed the Constitution of India?
Indian Constitution was foremost signed by the first President of India, Dr Rajendra Prasad, whereas the president of the Constituent Assembly, Feroze Gandhi, was the last member to sign it.
4. Is our Indian constitution calligraphed or printed?
The Constitution of India wasn’t typed or printed but calligraphed as well as handwritten in Hindi and English.
From the above information, it is evident that the Republic Day 2020 in India is celebrated on রবিবার, 26 জানুয়ারী with great patriotism and enthusiasm.
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