Is Canada Day a Public Holiday?
Canada Day is a public holiday in the country, according to Holidays 2020. The celebration falls on 1 July every year. Most businesses, stores, and shops, as well as schools and universities, remain closed. However, some pharmacies, gas stations, etc. may open. Public Transportations also do not follow their usual route, working reduced hours. Conversely, in places where Canada Day events are held on a large scale, the transportations offer extra services.
Canada Day Holiday History
Canada Day celebrates the history of the country and the pride, culture, and accomplishments of its people. Canadians throughout the country and around the globe commemorate this day with dignified patriotism. It honours the date 1 July 1867 when the Constitution Act of 1867 came into effect.
The British North America Act, 1867 (The Constitution Act)
The Constitution Act was initially called the British North America Act, which stated that the three provinces of the country, namely, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and the Province of Canada wished to form a single dominion, which would have a constitution similar to that of the UK. Province of Canada was also split into two, to become the present provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
The thus-formed nation was now officially called Canada. This Act also defined the executive, legislative, and judicial powers of the new country, which continued to accept the authority of the British crown over them. As a result, the British Parliament had the authority to make changes to the Canadian constitution. Canada was, for now, the Dominion of Canada, that fell under the British Empire, and the latter held political control over some spheres of the former. The BNA Act was celebrated from then on, and 1 July came to be known as Dominion Day in the country.
Things changed once again, as the country made changes to the constitution, and they gradually gained independence. The patriation began with the Statute of Westminster in 1931 and finalized with the Constitution Act, 1982. From then onwards, Dominion Day was Canada Day in Canada.
Public Life on Canada Day
The history of Canada Day in Canada is as rich as the history of the country itself. The commemorations began in 1868 with a proclamation in the name of Governor-General Lord Monck, which asked all the Canadian subjects of the British Empire to celebrate 1 July. It was made a statutory holiday in 1879, the ’anniversary of Confederation’, and then later ’Dominion Day’. Finally, on 27 October 1982, it became Canada Day. Let us take a glance at the festivities and public life on Canada Day in Canada, through the years:
History Of The Celebration Of Canada Day
1927 was the 60th anniversary of the Constitution Act, and the Peace Tower Carillon was inaugurated during the commemorations of Dominion Day. It represented harmony in times of both peace and war. Through the decade of 1958-1968, the celebrations followed a standard format. They began with a flag ceremony during midday, on the lawns of Parliament Hill, and ended with an evening ceremony consisting of military music and fireworks.
1967 marked a century of the passing of the British North America Act, and the festivities were rather high-profile this year, due to the attendance of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth. Things once again started following a format, though an updated one from 1968-1979 which included a multicultural program on Parliament Hill. These would comprise numerous artistic, cultural, and sports activities.
Celebrations After Patriation
The format was once again updated post-patriation, and from 1980-1983 local observances were encouraged and financially assisted. Locally popular activities and performances were organized and supported for the commemoration of Canada Day in Canada.
From 1981 also began the beloved tradition of fireworks through the 15 major Canadian cities. 2010 and 2017 were again essential years in the history of the celebration of Canada Day in Canada because the members of the Royal Family attended the events. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth and His Royal Highness, the Duke of Edinburgh, joined the festivities in 2010, Canada’s 143rd anniversary. While in 2017, The Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall were in attendance of the 150th Anniversary of Confederation.
In general, life for the public on Canada Day in Canada incorporated more than just these. Outdoor public events take place throughout the country. They take part in and thoroughly enjoy parades, carnivals, barbecues, fireworks, festivals, musical concerts, air and maritime shows, and citizenship ceremonies. Today, there are no standard formats to the celebration, although the centre remains the Noon Show at Parliament Hill. Like any other holiday, people take Canada Day and do with it as they wish. They can go out to paint the town red in large groups, with their friends, family, and all near and dear ones. Or they can order takeout, sit in front of the TV and enjoy watching the revelries and events held throughout the country.
Canada Day Observances
1. What do Canadians do for Canada Day?
Typically, Canada Day celebrations include parades, fireworks, backyard barbecues, and other get-togethers. Many revellers wear red and white in honour of Canada’s national colours.
2. How old is Canada now?
If we follow the formation of the country that we know as Canada due to the BNA Act, in 2020 it is 153 years old. However, the land itself is less than 65 million years old, though it is composed of fragments of crust 4 billion years old.
3. How is Canada Day celebrated in Quebec?
It is not. Instead, the French citizens of this province celebrate their own National Day, which is officially Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day on 1 July. Moving Day also falls on this day for Quebec.
Tl;dr For those who only wish to know When is Canada Day in 2020? The date is 1 July, Sunday.
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