Is Parsi New Year a Public Holiday?
Parsi New Year in India is not a public holiday but regarded as a restricted holiday. However, in some states of India, this day can be treated as an optional holiday for people of the Paris community. This means that such natives can opt to either take a day off or work limited hours.
On the other side, businesses, schools, universities, colleges and public and private sector companies remain open and functional on this day. This day is not a bank holiday as well, and banks and related services are open full-time.
Parsi New Year History
Parsi New Year history holds relevant significance and commemorates the beginning of its observance.
Parsis are known to be the followers of Zoroastrianism, one of the oldest monotheistic religions in the world. In several parts of Iran and the Middle East, Zoroastrians used to celebrate the festive occasion of the Persian New Year according to the Fasli/Bastnai Calendar.
As per the Fasli/Bastnai Calendar, the Persian New Year was observed on the first day of the year falling on the Spring Equinox, i.e. 21 March. This is one of the reasons why Parsi or Persian New Year is still celebrated on March 21 in several parts of the world.
However in India, the Parsi community majorly residing in the states of Gujarat and city of Mumbai celebrate the day of Parsi New Year or Navroz in August. This is mainly because they follow the Shahenshahi Calendar, which doesn’t count the leap year, making this occasion move ahead by 200 from its original day of occurrence of the vernal equinox.
As per the historical accounts, it was the illustrious and esteemed King of Persia Jamshed who laid the foundation of the Persian Calendar. On this day, people clean their houses and surroundings, wear clean clothes, decorate their houses with roses and jasmines and visit their friends and families for a happy reunion.
Why do Indians Celebrate Navroz in August?
All around the world, the festival of Navroz is celebrated on March 21, but in India, it will be observed on Sunday, 16 August in 2020. The origin of this event can be found in several historical scriptures. According to them, it was the Persian King called Jamshed who created the Persian Calendar, also known as the Shahenshahi Calendar in India, and marked the beginning of this calendar to be Navroz or New Year. This is why this day is also hailed as Jamshed-i-Navroz.
As per the legend, it was the King Jamshed who saved the world from a major apocalypse that was destined to wipe out humanity by using a gem-studded throne. He rose to the heavens and shone brighter than the Sun itself, which led to the birth of a new day called Navroz. This led to the observance of Navroz with great fervour.
Navroz Celebrations in India
Parsi New Year or Navroz is a time for family and loved ones to come together in union to celebrate the spirit of this day with kindness, passion and festivity. Spiritually, this is the time for natives of the Parsi community to cleanse themselves from all kinds of evil thoughts, vibes and deeds. Natives should seek blessings from the Almighty and repent for their mistakes on the eve of Paris New Year, also known as Pateti.
The day of Parsi New Year is the day when one can purify his/her body, mind and soul from any kind of negative energy, unwanted thoughts and possessions. On the day of Navroz, Parsis dress up beautifully in their traditional clothes, which include a traditional Gara saree worn by women and a Jameh, loose white trousers or Shalwar, waistcoat and a Parsi Pagdi.
On this occasion, natives pay their visit to the Agiary or Fire Temple, offer flowers such as jasmine, milk and Chandan or Sandalwood to the holy fire. After this, they offer their prayers, make donations and visit their friends and loved ones. Houses are deep-cleaned and decorated with lights and flowers, bright colorful Rangolis are made and rose water is sprinkled on the guests arriving in the house.
Some of the most famous traditional Paris delicacies are prepared on this day, and all the loved ones and friends get together to gorge on these lip-smacking dishes such as Mori Dar (a moreish Dal), a nutty vermicelli dessert called Sev, Dhansak, Berry Pulao, Salli Boti, Prawn Patio, Farcha, Mitthu Dahi, Parsi style Kheer called Ravo, Patra Nu Macchi and much more.
Parsi New Year Observances
|2019||Sat||17 August||Parsi New Year||Restricted Holiday|
|2020||Sun||16 August||Parsi New Year||Restricted Holiday|
|2021||Mon||16 August||Parsi New Year||Restricted Holiday|
|2022||Tue||16 August||Parsi New Year||Restricted Holiday|
|2023||Wed||16 August||Parsi New Year||Restricted Holiday|
|2024||Thu||15 August||Parsi New Year||Restricted Holiday|
|2025||Fri||15 August||Parsi New Year||Restricted Holiday|
1. What is the Parsi New Year known as in India?
Parsi New Year is also known as Navroz, Jamshed-i-Nowruz, Navruz, Novruz, Nooruz, Nowrouz, Nauroz or Nevruz.
2. Followers of Zoroastrianism, also known as Parsis, follow which deity or God?
Parsis consider “Ahura Mazda” as their “Supreme Being”, that is known to be the highest spirit venerated.
3. Are Pateti and Navroz the same?
Pateti is observed on the eve of Navroze as a day of penance for their sins. Pateti is the day of repentance observed a day ahead of Navroz.
4. What do you eat on Navroz?
Several traditional meals and items are eaten on the day of Navroz, such as nutty vermicelli dessert called Sev, Mori Dar, Prawn Patio, Ravo, sweetened yogurt called Mitthu Dahi and much more.
From the above information, it is evident that the Parsi New Year 2020 in India is celebrated on Sunday, 16 August with great fervour, happiness and unity. We hope you have liked this article on Parsi New Year in India. Thank you for being an important part of AstroSage.