Parsi New Year 2020 in India

Parsi New Year 2020 in India is observed on Sunday, 16 August and known to be a fun-filled and exciting day for Parsis all over India and around the world. Said to be one of the important Holidays 2020, this day is also known as Navroz and celebrates the onset of the new Iranian calendar.

In Persian, Navroz is made of two words, “Nav”, which means new and “Roz”, which means day. Hence, the literal translation of this day is “New Day”. This day is widely observed by natives from the Parsi community and Iranians residing in India. As per the Gregorian Calendar, this day is celebrated in August. Innumerable ceremonies and rituals are carried out during the New Year week.

When is Parsi New Year in 2020?

16

August, 2020

(Sunday)

Parsi New Year	in India

Is Parsi New Year a Public Holiday?

Parsi New Year in India is not a public holiday but regarded as a restricted holiday. However, in some states of India, this day can be treated as an optional holiday for people of the Paris community. This means that such natives can opt to either take a day off or work limited hours.

On the other side, businesses, schools, universities, colleges and public and private sector companies remain open and functional on this day. This day is not a bank holiday as well, and banks and related services are open full-time.

Parsi New Year History

Parsi New Year history holds relevant significance and commemorates the beginning of its observance. Parsis are known to be the followers of Zoroastrianism, one of the oldest monotheistic religions in the world. In several parts of Iran and the Middle East, Zoroastrians used to celebrate the festive occasion of the Persian New Year according to the Fasli/Bastnai Calendar.

As per the Fasli/Bastnai Calendar, the Persian New Year was observed on the first day of the year falling on the Spring Equinox, i.e. 21 March. This is one of the reasons why Parsi or Persian New Year is still celebrated on March 21 in several parts of the world.

However in India, the Parsi community majorly residing in the states of Gujarat and city of Mumbai celebrate the day of Parsi New Year or Navroz in August. This is mainly because they follow the Shahenshahi Calendar, which doesn’t count the leap year, making this occasion move ahead by 200 from its original day of occurrence of the vernal equinox.

As per the historical accounts, it was the illustrious and esteemed King of Persia Jamshed who laid the foundation of the Persian Calendar. On this day, people clean their houses and surroundings, wear clean clothes, decorate their houses with roses and jasmines and visit their friends and families for a happy reunion.

Why do Indians Celebrate Navroz in August?

All around the world, the festival of Navroz is celebrated on March 21, but in India, it will be observed on Sunday, 16 August in 2020. The origin of this event can be found in several historical scriptures. According to them, it was the Persian King called Jamshed who created the Persian Calendar, also known as the Shahenshahi Calendar in India, and marked the beginning of this calendar to be Navroz or New Year. This is why this day is also hailed as Jamshed-i-Navroz.

As per the legend, it was the King Jamshed who saved the world from a major apocalypse that was destined to wipe out humanity by using a gem-studded throne. He rose to the heavens and shone brighter than the Sun itself, which led to the birth of a new day called Navroz. This led to the observance of Navroz with great fervour.

Navroz Celebrations in India

Parsi New Year or Navroz is a time for family and loved ones to come together in union to celebrate the spirit of this day with kindness, passion and festivity. Spiritually, this is the time for natives of the Parsi community to cleanse themselves from all kinds of evil thoughts, vibes and deeds. Natives should seek blessings from the Almighty and repent for their mistakes on the eve of Paris New Year, also known as Pateti.

The day of Parsi New Year is the day when one can purify his/her body, mind and soul from any kind of negative energy, unwanted thoughts and possessions. On the day of Navroz, Parsis dress up beautifully in their traditional clothes, which include a traditional Gara saree worn by women and a Jameh, loose white trousers or Shalwar, waistcoat and a Parsi Pagdi.

On this occasion, natives pay their visit to the Agiary or Fire Temple, offer flowers such as jasmine, milk and Chandan or Sandalwood to the holy fire. After this, they offer their prayers, make donations and visit their friends and loved ones. Houses are deep-cleaned and decorated with lights and flowers, bright colorful Rangolis are made and rose water is sprinkled on the guests arriving in the house.

Some of the most famous traditional Paris delicacies are prepared on this day, and all the loved ones and friends get together to gorge on these lip-smacking dishes such as Mori Dar (a moreish Dal), a nutty vermicelli dessert called Sev, Dhansak, Berry Pulao, Salli Boti, Prawn Patio, Farcha, Mitthu Dahi, Parsi style Kheer called Ravo, Patra Nu Macchi and much more.

Parsi New Year Observances

Year Weekday Date Name Holiday Type
2019 Sat 17 August Parsi New Year Restricted Holiday
2020 Sun 16 August Parsi New Year Restricted Holiday
2021 Mon 16 August Parsi New Year Restricted Holiday
2022 Tue 16 August Parsi New Year Restricted Holiday
2023 Wed 16 August Parsi New Year Restricted Holiday
2024 Thu 15 August Parsi New Year Restricted Holiday
2025 Fri 15 August Parsi New Year Restricted Holiday

FAQs

1. What is the Parsi New Year known as in India?

Parsi New Year is also known as Navroz, Jamshed-i-Nowruz, Navruz, Novruz, Nooruz, Nowrouz, Nauroz or Nevruz.

2. Followers of Zoroastrianism, also known as Parsis, follow which deity or God?

Parsis consider “Ahura Mazda” as their “Supreme Being”, that is known to be the highest spirit venerated.

3. Are Pateti and Navroz the same?

Pateti is observed on the eve of Navroze as a day of penance for their sins. Pateti is the day of repentance observed a day ahead of Navroz.

4. What do you eat on Navroz?

Several traditional meals and items are eaten on the day of Navroz, such as nutty vermicelli dessert called Sev, Mori Dar, Prawn Patio, Ravo, sweetened yogurt called Mitthu Dahi and much more.

From the above information, it is evident that the Parsi New Year 2020 in India is celebrated on Sunday, 16 August with great fervour, happiness and unity. We hope you have liked this article on Parsi New Year in India. Thank you for being an important part of AstroSage.

Quick Facts

This year: Sun, 16 August 2020
Next year: Mon, 16 August 2021
Last year: Sat, 17 August 2019
Type: Restricted Holiday

Parsi New Year in India - Names in Other Languages

English: Parsi New Year, Pateti
Hindi: पारसी नव वर्ष
Gujarati: પારસી નવું વર્ષ