Is Independence Day a Public Holiday?
Independence Day in India is a public holiday and regarded as a gazetted holiday all over the country. Therefore, all kinds of schools, colleges, universities, academic institutions, government and private institutions and offices, retail stores and malls etc. remain closed.
Since this day is celebrated massively and considered a major occasion, the security is pretty tight and strict around this day and transportation services operate under restricted hours as well. Also, since it is a gazetted holiday, all banks, branches, post offices and much more remain closed as well. Since this day is observed as a national holiday, most stores selling essential items operate in the evening but only for a limited time period.
Independence Day in India: Public Celebrations
On the occasion of Independence Day, natives all around the country pay their respects to the fallen soldiers, leaders and thousands of innocents who fought for Indian Independence and lost their lives. On this day, significant government buildings and monuments are illuminated with lights and the National Flag can be seen fluttering high on the top of these buildings.
Schools, colleges, universities and other academic institutions hold art, singing and dance competitions before the occasion. Students are seen adorning their school uniforms and gearing up for the march past on Independence Day celebrations in schools and colleges. Teachers impart special lessons and wisdom and encourage the budding minds to do well for themselves as well their country. Several print media, social media platforms and newspapers roll out significant articles to promote the day, and several patriotic movies can be seen on the television.
On Independence Day eve, the "Address to the Nation" is delivered by the President of India, whereas the Prime Minister of India hoists the Tiranga at the historical Red Fort in New Delhi. In the honor, twenty one gunshots are fired, and the Indian National Anthem “Jana Gana Mana” is sung. The Prime Minister of India imparts a piece of his wisdom to the young generation and shirts light on the achievements attained in the past year. He also highlights important cultural, political and religious issues and reviews the ongoing and further development in the country.
After the speech, various divisions of paramilitary forces and Indian armed forces carried out the march past, followed by pageants depicting the struggle as well as cultural diversity. Various cultural programs and flag hoisting ceremonies are organised in several states of India.
Citizens of India are seen adorning tricolor wristbands, accessories, caps, necklaces and clothes to mark the occasion. Some even paint tricolours on their faces. Kite flying is the most common celebratory ritual on Independence Day in India. People spend this day with their loved ones, listen to patriotic songs and reminisce about the old days and how India attained independence.
Independence Day in India History
Independence Day history holds relevant significance and commemorates the beginning of its observance.
It was in the year 1857 when the struggle for Indian Independence really began with Sepoy Mutiny in Meerut. Moving further, it was Mahatma Gandhi who played a prominent role in fighting against the Britishers with Ahimsa or Non-Violence and Satyagraha, Non-Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement etc. in order to win India it’s full-fledged independence.
At 11:00 PM on 14th August, 1947, the Constituent Assembly under the presidency of Dr. Rajendra Prasad got together to mark this magnificent occasion. When the clock struck midnight and the date changed to 15th August 1947, India attained its freedom and was announced as an independent country. It was then the famous speech "Tryst with Destiny" was given by the first Prime Minister of India, i.e. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
With this, India officially became an independent country. It was followed by official ceremonies after which Jawaharlal Nehru assumed the office. It is fascinating to know that even though Mahatma Gandhi was invoked as the "Hero", he was seen over during the official celebrations. Instead, he observed a 24-hour fast on this day and exchanged his thoughts on Hindu-Muslim unity and peace between both the communities.
Independence Day Symbols
Below are some of the symbols that illustrate the sense of diversity, patriotism and unity on Independence Day in India:
- Kites: One of the main events or activities that takes place on the day of Independence Day is Kite Flying. The sky seems to be painted with countless and colorful dots like kites and represents India’s free spirit and enthusiasm. People of all ages get together on this day and fly kites of various types. Some places hold kite flying competitions, where locals participate enthusiastically and fly kites of every size, shape, type, color and style. We can see a wave of different types of kites available in the market, from Tricolor kites, kites with cartoon characters or patriotic texts printed.
- Sky Lanterns: One of the modern ways to celebrate this day is by lighting sky lanterns during night time. This is said to be aesthetically appealing since the beautiful lanterns commemorate the occasion while paying homage to the martyrs and fallen soldiers.
- Red Fort in Delhi: The Red Fort or Lal Quila in Delhi is another symbol that adds to the significance of this day. It was at Red Fort where the first Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the Indian Flag on the day of Independence, i.e. 15 August 1947.
- Tiranga or The Tricolor: One of the main symbols of Indian Independence Day is the Tiranga, Indian National Flag. This flag consists of three different colors representing cultural, religious, political and democratic diversity residing within India. The Tiranga is a horizontal flag with Kesaria or Saffron color on top, followed by White in the middle and then Green. A blue-colored Chakra with 24 spokes in the centre of the White band represents the Wheel appearing on the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.
Happy Independence Day Wishes
- “It’s time to pay respect to our nation. Let’s think about prosperity & betterment of this nation. Wish you a Very Happy Independence Day!”
- “Celebrate freedom, celebrate independence. Live freely & enjoy this freedom. Happy Independence Day!”
- “Celebrate the freedom & rejoice in the spirit of independent India. May this Independence Day fulfill your life with happiness and prosperity. Happy Independence Day!”
- “Today we celebrate the land of the free and the home of the brave. Hope your Independence Day is monumental!”
- “Let us celebrate the glory of Free India and uphold the Pride and Honor of being an Indian. Happy Independence Day!”
Independence Day Observances
|2019||Thu||15 August||Independence Day||Gazetted Holiday|
|2020||Sat||15 August||Independence Day||Gazetted Holiday|
|2021||Sun||15 August||Independence Day||Gazetted Holiday|
|2022||Mon||15 August||Independence Day||Gazetted Holiday|
|2023||Tue||15 August||Independence Day||Gazetted Holiday|
|2024||Thu||15 August||Independence Day||Gazetted Holiday|
|2025||Fri||15 August||Independence Day||Gazetted Holiday|
1. Is Indian Independence Day a bank holiday?
Yes. Indian Independence Day is regarded as a bank holiday.
2. Can I visit the shopping store on the day of Independence Day?
No. shopping stores remain closed on the day of Independence Day in India. However, they may open for a short period of time in the evening, so you can enquire once.
3. Can alcohol be consumed on the day of Indian Independence Day?
Sale of alcohol is prohibited on Indian Independence Day since it is a dry day in India. However, you are advised not to drink and drive on this day.
4. Which country celebrates Independence Day with India?
Five different countries celebrate Independence Day with India: North Korea, South Korea, Democratic Republic of Congo, Liechtenstein and Bahrain.
From the above information, it is evident that the Independence Day 2020 in India is celebrated on Saturday, 15 August with great patriotism and enthusiasm. We hope you have liked this article on Independence Day in India. Thank you for being an important part of AstroSage.