What is Chaitra Sukhladi?
Chaitra Sukhladi is celebrated with great glory and devotion in several parts of India. It is associated with several other regional festivals such as Cheti Chand, Ugadi, Gudi Padwa and so on. This day marks the initiation of a New Year for Hindus and falls on the first day of the month of Chaitra or Spring (March-April).
In several Northern states of India, this day is known by the name Chaitra Sukhladi. Sukhladi determines the initiation of a lunar month, and this method is adopted in the calendars referred by Hindus residing in the states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
Is Chaitra Sukhladi a Public Holiday?
Chaitra Sukhladi is an optional public holiday and observed as a restricted holiday in several parts of India. It can be an optional holiday where Konkani and Marathi Hindus, Sindhis, Telugu-speaking natives and Kannada natives reside in heavy volumes.
Hence, people can either opt for a half or full day holiday or work in restricted hours. However, most of the colleges, schools, universities, public and government sector offices remain open and functional. Although states such as Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Goa and Karnataka may declare this day as a public holiday.
Importance of Chaitra Sukhladi
Chaitra Sukhladi history holds special significance in Hinduism, this is the day of cleansing oneself and offering charities. Cleanliness, both physical and mental, is given special prominence on this day. Natives perform prayers, clean the houses, decorate them with floral Rangoli designs, flowers and lights, and plaster their courtyards with fresh cow dung.
Since this day marks the beginning of the Hindu New Year in the month of Chaitra, authenticity and faith in Hinduism is strengthened on this day. People come together in unison and celebrate this day with great fervour, love and enthusiasm. As per the Bengali Calendar, Bengalis believe the month of Chaitra to be the last month of a Hindu Year, and hence call it as “Choitro”.
Chaitra Sukladi Celebrations in India
Celebrations on Chaitra Sukladi are carried out in full fervour in several states of India. In Northern India, this day is observed as Vikram Samvat New Year, the first day of the New Year is calculated as per the visibility of the Full Moon or Purnima.
Ugadi, related to this day, is celebrated with great excitement in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, which literally translates to the “beginning of a new era”. On this day, people draw colorful rangoli designs with colors, and decorate the main door with Mango leaves.
People offer donations and carry out charitable activities, and exchange gifts with their loved ones. A special dish consisting of multiple flavours called Pachadi is prepared and shared with loved ones and neighbours.
Gudi Padwa is celebrated on this day in the states of Goa and Maharashtra and marks the end of Rabi harvesting and beginning of a new season, i.e. Spring or Vasant.
On this occasion, houses are swept clean and smothered with fresh cow dung. Rangolis are made in every house, and people dress up in new clothes. Lip-smacking delicacies such as Puran Poli, Shrikhand, Thali Peeth, Chana Usal and much more are prepared on this day.
Similarly, Chaitra Sukladi is observed as Cheti Chand by the Sindhis residing in India. In Sindhi, the month of Chaitra is known as Cheti, and commemorates the birth anniversary of the great Saint Jhulelal.
On this day, Baharana Sahib, which represents Saint Jhulelal, is carried out to a nearby river or stream. It comprises of an oil lamp, coconut, crystal sugar, cardamom, fruits, a Kalash filled with water, flowers, leaves and Akha. An idol of Saint Jhulelal is also placed with the rest of the items and venerated.
In Kashmir, Chaitra Sukhladi is celebrated as Navreh, whereas this day is known as Sajibu Cheiraoba in Manipur. Here, Sajibu means the first season out of six, and Cheiraoba means the commencement of the New Year.
Chaitra Sukhladi Observances
|2019||Sat||6 April||Chaitra Sukhladi||Restricted Holiday|
|2020||Wed||25 March||Chaitra Sukhladi||Restricted Holiday|
|2021||Tue||13 April||Chaitra Sukhladi||Restricted Holiday|
|2022||Fri||1 April||Chaitra Sukhladi||Restricted Holiday|
|2023||Wed||22 March||Chaitra Sukhladi||Restricted Holiday|
|2024||Tue||9 April||Chaitra Sukhladi||Restricted Holiday|
|2025||Sun||30 March||Chaitra Sukhladi||Restricted Holiday|
1. Is Chaitra Sukhladi a bank holiday in India?
No, the event of Chaitra Sukhladi is not considered a bank holiday.
2. Is the festival of Chaitra Sukhladi associated with other festivals?
The festival of Chaitra Sukhladi is associated with Gudi Padwa, New Year’s Day for Konkani and Marathi Hindus, Cheti Chand for Sindhis and Ugadi and New Year’s Day for Andhra Pradesh.
3. When does the month of Chaitra fall as per the Gregorian Calendar?
The Hindu month of Chaitra corresponds with the months of March-April as per the Gregorian Calendar.
4. What common tradition is followed on this day?
People opt for a traditional oil bath on this day and offer their prayers.
From the above information, it is evident that the Chaitra Sukhladi 2020 in India is celebrated on Wednesday, 25 March with great devotion.
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